The transition to new manufacturing processes which had started in Europe and now termed as the First Industrial Revolution, has paved the way to fuse the physical, digital and biological worlds through a range of emerging technologies. This is under the paradigm of the Fourth Industrial Revolution which is fundamentally different, connecting masses to digital networks and significantly improving the efficiency of organisations across industries. The fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0 is the recent progress on intelligent automation technology and utilisation of modern manufacturing processes. Industry 4.0 aims to build smart factories through the convergence of cyber and physical systems. Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the vital components of Industry 4.0, which helps to develop the non-traditional manufacturing methods. It refers to a group of fabrication techniques in which parts are fabricated in layers directly obtained from a CAD file. Even though additive manufacturing has emerged as a disruptive technology in the past decades, one of the areas that needs a detailed study is the combination of composite techniques with additive manufacturing.
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