According to OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration), Ergonomics can be defined as the study of work.
Adapting tasks, workstations, tools, and equipment to fit the worker can help reduce physical stress on a worker’s body and eliminate many potentially serious, disabling work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
Ergonomics is the process of designing or arranging workplaces, products, and systems so they fit the people who use them. Most people have heard of ergonomics and think it is something to do with seating or with the design of car controls and instruments – and it is… but it is so much more.
A strong safety culture boosts productivity, employee morale, and employee retention. A strong ergonomics integration prevents injuries and increases productivity. Together, they make the workplace safer and reduce costs.
How does it affect the work culture?
An uncomfortable work environment can affect productivity and increase the likelihood of work-related muscle strains and eye strain. Incorporating ergonomics in the workplace of your small business can remedy an uncomfortable atmosphere. These simple changes help decrease stress levels and improve employee performance.
What are the benefits of the Postural Ergonomics program?
- Ergonomics reduces health costs
- It improves productivity
- It enhances employee efficiency
- Ergonomics improves the quality of life
- It improves employee engagement
- Ergonomics creates a better safety culture
- Enhances company reputation
Ergonomics, along with risk factor assessment and intervention, can decrease the risk of injury/illness, enhance worker productivity, and improve the quality of work life.
Sharing my 4 STEP Process, which has worked for over 150 organizations:
They repeatedly call us for our recommendations on how to enhance individuals’ workstations. Here are four primary steps on how to correct your workspace – No matter what your workspace looks like, everyone has to maintain this position for most of the time. I would suggest that you follow these steps one by one and not at random.
STEP 1 Follow 90/90/90 rule –. A old thumb rule suggests that most appropriate sitting postures are composed of right angles over hips, knees, and elbows. Before sitting, try to touch your hips to the back of a chair, whether it’s a car’s seat or an office chair, it works and minimal stress comes to the lower back.
STEP 2 CCW – Come closer to the workstation – The moment you follow this step u will realize that there is hardly any space left to bend forward. This will reduce the hunching forward. No space = No bending = No stress on the SPINE
STEP 3 Viewing distance – Arm’s length or 20-22inches – Appropriate distance will reduce eye strain.
Who is right? 18 to 24 inches? 20 to 26 inches? An arm’s length? Recommendations that place a maximum limit on viewing distance to reduce eyestrain all have one thing in common.
When we look at any close object, our eyes do two things: They accommodate and converge. Both of these can contribute to eyestrain. (Collins 1975 and Fischer 1977).
STEP 4 Height of the screen @ Eye level – it is based on individual height. The AOA recommends a viewing distance from 20 to 28 inches, depending on the size of the text and the limitations of the workstation. Equally important is the view in the angle: the top of the monitor should be slightly lower than eye level so the viewer is looking down at an angle of about 15 degrees.
Even when you’re not exercising, you should make sure you sit at your desk the right way, says (Jason Queiros, a chiropractor at Stamford Sports & Spine, in Connecticut.)
“It’s important that your desk chair is at a proper height to reduce strain on your neck and back,” he says. “The chair provides support for your body throughout the day.
Profile – Dr. Deepankar (MPT in CardioPulmonary)
A Workplace Wellness Coach, Author of Amazon bestseller book Ergonomics for Corporates, a member of the Indian Society of Ergonomics, and founder of PhysioErgo – a leading specialty physiotherapy and ergonomics clinic at Gurugram.
A strong proponent of “Work healthy, Live healthy”, Dr Deepankar has conducted Ergonomics assessment and training programs at over 150 organizations and addressed over 80,000 people through his numerous appearances as a keynote speaker at leading Physiotherapy and Ergonomics conferences across India.
He is also working actively with schools to ensure we make postural corrections at the formative age before they become habits and cause irreversible harm in the long term.
Dr. Deepankar is widely published in trade journals, news daily and online blogs as a leading voice on Ergonomics.