Engineering Research & Design


  

Evolution Of Data Centers

To understand Datacenter let us recall a Computer first. A Computer consists of 3 major components namely CPU (computation), Memory (RAM) and Disk (Storage). Similarly, a Datacenter used to have 3 discrete and interconnected components as Servers (for Compute), Storage Array (for Storage) and Network Switches (for connectivity). These components evolved in time and thus contributed to the Evolution of Datacenters. Datacenter Components: Server: The most important part of a server/computer is its Processor. The evolution of CPU/Processors happened over its number of COREs (Logical Processor) to represent a physical processor. From single-core, dual-core to multi-core is the journey of Processors. Storage: Storage got evolved from 1.4 MB Floppy (as I know), 700 MB CD to 2 TB USB, 30 TB SSDs....

Demystifying the Product Engineering Ecosystem

This article is an attempt at demystifying Product, Service, Platform, Aggregator, and Ecosystem in the context of the digitized world. The learnings are the outcome of a panel discussion at the NASSCOM Engineering and Design Summit. A product is a tangible or intangible (software) entity built and offered for sale to the customer. It satisfies a specific need or purpose, evaluated for quality, has a life cycle, can become obsolete or recycled. A service is an intangible activity, is person-derived, has no ownership, and no definite way to assess or evaluate until rendered. Aggregator Aggregators are intermediaries who set and control the rules. Google and Facebook’s near monopolization for search and content over the internet makes them gatekeepers of valuable information. They own ...

Dimensions of Innovation

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood In the age of the digital consumer, almost all industries face the pressure of having to innovate constantly. To do something radically different. One always has to stay a step ahead of consumers, anticipate their needs and have the foresight to develop the next big thing. That’s tough. And while new age technology has made it easier to connect with these consumers, enterprises cannot rely only on that tech for business success. It’s always the thought that counts more; tech can only act as an enabler to propel that idea further. Most enterprises, thus, need to focus on organisational innovation to succeed. Everyone wants to disrupt and think ‘out of the box.’ But what about looking a l...

Collaborating for Success of Engineering & Design in India

The success of LCA Tejas, one of the finest fighter aircraft, attributed to its Architect, Designer & Project Director Dr. Kota Harinarayana. He was a keynote speaker at the NASSCOM Design and Engineering Summit. Following are the highlights: India’s first fighter jet was HL-24 Marut. After more than two decades of neglect & disregard of the Indian Aerospace Industry, the LCA program started with an initial outlay of Rs.500 crore in the early 1990s. We have the World’s third-largest domestic traffic and will be the third-largest – USA and China being the top two – in combined domestic-international travel. We are the fourth largest Airforce in the world, but until recently have been importing turbo-pass aircraft (only one among the BRIC nations). Years of sanctions by t...

The Future of Engineering R&D

Engineering research and development (ER&D) has always been a critical investment for organizations, because regardless of the products or services that they offer, it fundamentally augments their ability to innovate in developing and improving their offerings that can strengthen the organization’s position in the marketplace. This is critical for the survival and profitability of enterprises. Traditionally, ER&D being a core area with IP implications, most organizations chose to keep it as an in-house activity in order to build and grow their own engineering capabilities. However, due to several shifts in the market and influenced by the success of IT outsourcing which has been around for several decades, organizations are now showing a preference to outsource their ER&D. A ve...

Reimagining Manufacturing through Smart Ecosystems

Industry 4.0 is set to redefine manufacturing over the next decade. Today, the industry is at a crossroads with manufacturing companies adopting new technologies and streamlining their processes to welcome this inevitable, digitally connected future. Considering the need for integrity and reliability in aerospace manufacturing, the industry has always been an early adopter of advanced technologies. Aerospace players must align their business goals to make digitization a top priority. Building a ‘smart ecosystem’ Aerospace customers have dynamic requirements with drastically reduced timelines. Digitization has enabled companies to provide end-to-end integrated solutions from design to manufacturing by dramatically increasing the pace of operations and accelerating both process and product-b...

Transitioning into an Era of Smart Vehicles

The automotive industry is witnessing a shift from product centricity to experience centricity, thanks to an increasing emphasis towards telematics. Essentially, telematics refers to the monitoring of a vehicle and its performance on a continuous and remote basis. This is making vehicles more intelligent, engaging and connected, thereby allowing them to integrate into our daily lives – much like the smartphone. The automotive telematics market is pacing rapidly and is expected to cross USD 98 billion by 2026. Three of the largest segments in this market are: Consumer Telematics, Vehicle Diagnostics & Insurance Telematics. The New Gen Automotive Experience The demand for consumer telematics is primarily driven by the need to transform the user experience through advancements in driver a...

India on the World Map: Engineering & Research as India’s North Star

In the last 30 years, India has strongly established itself as the IT hub of the world, garnering nearly 55% market share of the global services business (as of 2017-18), exports at $137 billion in FY19, and employment doubling in a decade to 18 million by 2018. All through these golden years, India’s academia and talent have consciously aligned itself to this rapid growth and seized opportunities. Even talent from other engineering disciplines such as biotechnology or mechanical oriented towards IT. But here is the most pertinent question, “what about the next 30 years?” The next 30 years cannot be imagined linearly – soon it will not be about revenues reaching $200+ billion or adding 30 million more people to the industry. The “Law of Accelerating Returns” proposed by renowned American I...

Time to Drop Anchor as Indian Innovation for the World has Arrived!

Indian engineering R&D is emerging from the shadows, with improvisations making way for innovations. Constraints and lack of resources were the locks on the inside, preventing innovations in a nation famous for head spinning improvisations. These improvisations or jugaad, often created solutions that overshadowed purpose built solutions. It is time to move beyond make-do, and the stereotypical outsourced services, into the next level of innovation. A comprehensive study by the Royal Academy of Engineering clearly establishes a link between engineering excellence and economic development. This explains the fast-paced progress of Japan and Germany, synonymous with engineering. It also makes out a case for India to not just emulate, but to excel, given the interplay of various factors ava...

Additive Manufacturing in India

For years, additive manufacturing and 3D printing have been put to work in India for concept modeling, design validation, prototyping, and some tooling. Organizations in the U.S., Germany, and other countries are pushing hard to adopt AM for production applications, with India showing similar interest. Additive manufacturing is the subject of a session at the 11th NASSCOM Design & Engineering Summit on September 26-27, 2019 in Bangalore. I’m excited about participating in this important event. In 2018, additive manufacturing in India was dominated by growing interest in metal AM systems, according to Mukesh Agarwala, managing director of 3D Product Development (3DPD) of Bangalore, India’s largest additive manufacturing service provider. Agarwala contributes a summary on additive manufa...